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Garden Bed 3

A westringia dampieri bush.
Branches and thin pine needle-like leaves of allocasuarina humilis.

Dwarf Sheoak

Botanical name: Allocasuarina humilis

Common name: Dwarf Sheoak

Description:  Dioecious or monoecious, erect or spreading shrub, 0.2-2m high. Flowers are red/orange-brown from May to Nov.

Soil/habitat: Sand, often over laterite, sandy clay, gravel. Sandplains, sand dunes.

Bright green stems of Alyxia buxifolia in front of a wire fence with hills in the background.

Dysentry bush

Botanical name: Alyxia buxifolia

Common name: Dysentry bush

Description: Erect to spreading shrub, 1.5m high. Flowers are white from October to November.

Soil/habitat: Coastal dunes and limestone.

Anigozanthos flavidus leaves

Tall Kangaroo Paw

Botanical name: Anigozanthos flavidus

Common name: Tall Kangaroo Paw, Evergreen Kangaroo Paw

Description: Rhizomatous, perennial, herb, 0.5-3m high. Flowers are yellow-green/brown-red from Nov to Dec or Jan.

Soil/habitat: Grey or yellow sand, clay, gravel. Drainage lines, fringing wetlands, roadside gutters.

Cultural use: The roots were eaten either raw or roasted in hot ashes. Sometimes roots were ground into a paste which was then formed into cakes and baked in hot ashes.

Close up of the anigozanthos manglesii flower.

Mangles Kangaroo Paw

Botanical name: Anigozanthos manglesii

Common name: Mangles Kangaroo Paw, Red and Green Kangaroo Paw

Noongar name: Kurulbrang, Nollamara, Yonga Marra, Knulbora

Description: Rhizomatous, perennial, herb, 0.2-1.1m high. Flowers are green & red from Aug to Nov.

Soil/habitat: White, yellow or grey sand, sandy loam.

Cultural use: The roots were eaten either raw or roasted in hot ashes. Sometimes roots were ground into a paste which was then formed into cakes and baked in hot ashes.

Grass-like leaves of anigozanthos viridis.

Swamp Kangaroo Paw

Botanical name: Anigozanthos viridis

Common name: Green Kangaroo Paw, Swamp Kangaroo Paw

Noongar name: Koroylbardany, Koroylbardang

Description: Rhizomatous, perennial, herb, 0.05-0.85m high. Flowers are green/yellow-green from Aug to Oct.

Soil/habitat: Sand, loam, clay. Winter-wet areas.

Cultural use: The roots were eaten either raw or roasted in hot ashes. Sometimes roots were ground into a paste which was then formed into cakes and baked in hot ashes.

Small banksia sessilis plants with lime green serrated leaves.

Banksia sessilis

Botanical name: Banksia sessilis

Common name: Parrot Bush

Noongar name: Pulgart, Budjan, Pudjak

Description: Prickly shrub or tree, 0.5-5m high. Flowers are cream-yellow, from Apr to Nov.

Soil/habitat: White, grey or yellow sand, limestone laterite, granite.

Cultural use: Flowers were a good source of nectar and were either sucked directly or soaked in water to make a sweet drink, often left to ferment to become an alcoholic drink. It was also used medicinally as a cough mixture and to soothe a sore throat. The cones were used as torches to carry fire between campsites.

Multiple baumea preissii plants in pots with long lime green leaves.

Broad Twig Sedge

Botanical name: Baumea preissli

Common name:  Broad Twig Sedge

Description: Large rhizomatous perennial sedge, 1.5m high. Flowers are brown from September to October.

Soil/habitat: Watercourses, lakes and swamps.

Young calothamnus lateralis plants in growing pots.

Common Net Bush

Botanical name: Calothamnus lateralis

Common name: Common Net Bush or One-sided Bottlebrush

Description: Erect shrub 0.4 to 1.5m high. Flowers are red from August to December. 

Soil/habitat: Swamps and winter wet depressions.

Yellow and light green leaves of the calothamnus quadrifidus plant.

One-sided Bottlebrush

Botanical name: Calothamnus quadrifidus

Common name: One-sided Bottlebrush

Noongar name: Kwowdjard, Quietjat

Description: Erect, compact or spreading shrub, 0.9-2m high. Flowers are red/white-yellow from Jun to Dec.

Soil/habitat: Wide variety of soils & habitats.

Cultural use: Flowers were a good source of nectar and were either sucked directly or soaked in water to make a sweet drink, often left to ferment to become an alcoholic drink.

Centella asiatica stems with large rounded leaves.

Gotu Kola

Botanical name: Centella asiatica

Common name:  Gotu Kola, Kodavan, Indian pennywort and Asiatic pennywort

Description: Creeping, stoloniferous perennial, herb, 0.05-0.4m high. Flowers are Pink/purple-red/white from Aug to Dec or Jan to Apr.

Soil/habitat: Often in winter-wet depressions.

Cultural uses: Leaves are edible either raw or steamed. Treats minor wounds and other conditions such as leprosy, lupus, varicose ulcers, eczema, psoriasis, diarrhoea, fever, amenorrhea, diseases of the female genito-urinary tract, relieves anxiety and improves cognition.

Angular leaves of the darwinia citriodora prostrate seaspray plant.


Botanical name: Darwinia citriodora prostrate seaspray

Common name: Darwinia

Description: Low mounding groundcover, 0.5-1m high, spreads up to 1m. Flowers are vivid orange-red, attracts honeyeaters, butterflies and bees.

Soil/habitat: Sandy, loamy well-drained soils.

Multiple ficinia nodosa plants in pots with long light green stems

Ficinia nodosa

Botanical name: Ficinia nodosa

Common name: Knobby Club-rush

Noongar name: Yangjet

Description: Erect, perennial herb (sedge), to 1m high. Flowers are brown/cream from Oct to Dec or Jan.

Soil/habitat: White sand, dark sandy clay, granite, limestone. Coastal dunes, flats, seasonally-wet swamplands, shores of salt lakes.

Cultural use: Roots are edible and were probably roasted in hot ashes before being eaten. Stalks were sometimes used to weave nets for catching fish and turtles.

Leaves of the kennedia prostrata bush

 Kennedia prostrata

Botanical name: Kennedia prostrata

Common name: Running Postman

Noongar name: Wollung, Pulbarn, Kuralo, Wollong

Description: Prostrate or twining shrub.

Soil/habitat: Usually sandy gravelly soils.

Cultural use: The flowers provide a source of sweet nectar that can be sucked straight from the flower. Leaves are used to make a tea-like drink, which has a pleasant liquorice flavour. Nectar was used to soothe sore throats.

Small grass like shrub lepidosperma gladiatum.

Sword sedge

Botanical name: Lepidosperma gladiatum

Common name: Sword sedge

Description: Rhizomatous, tufted robust perennial, grass-like or herb (sedge), 0.5-3m high, clumps to 1.5m wide. Flowers are brown from Nov to Dec or Jan to May.

Soil/habitat: White, grey or calcareous sand, limestone, loam. Dunes, creeklines.

Lush green leaves of the myoporum oppositifolium

Twin-leaf Myoporum

Botanical name: Myoporum oppositifolium

Common name: Twin-leaf Myoporum

Description: Erect slender or sprawling shrub, 0.4-1.5m high. Flowers are white/white-purple from Aug to Dec or Jan or Mar to Apr.

Soil/habitat: Sandy soils, loam. Coastal areas, along creeks and rivers.

Small pimelea ferruginea magenta plant in pot.

Pimelea ferruginea 'magenta'

Botanical name: Pimelea ferruginea 'magenta'

Common name: Rice Flower

Description: Small shrub with small dark green glossy leaves, 1-1.2m, spreads up to 1m. Flowers are magenta pink tubular from Aug to Oct. Attracts bees, butterflies, insects.

Soil/habitat: Well drained, loamy, sandy loam, potting mix. Drought resistant.

Stalk and leaves of the podocarpus drouynianus plant.


Botanical name: Podocarpus drouynianus

Common name: Emu Plum

Noongar name: Koolah, Quondan

Description: Tree or shrub, 0.75-3m high. Flowers from Aug to Dec or Jan to Apr.

Soil/habitat: White or grey sand, sandy loam or gravelly loam. Lower slopes or lowlands, near creeks.

Cultural use: Fruit is a nutritious dietary supplement.

Stems and leaves of the regelia inops plant.

Regelia inops

Botanical name: Regelia inops

Common name: Regelia inops

Description: Erect, often spreading shrub, 0.75-2.5m high. Flowers pink-purple-blue in Jan or Mar or Jun or Oct to Dec.

Soil/habitat: Sandy soils. Winter-wet depressions, sandplains.

Leaves of the templetonia retusa plant.

Coral Bush

Botanical name: Templetonia retusa

Common name: Cockie's Tongue, Coral Bush

Noongar name: Yackal Djarr, Injid

Description: Much branched shrub, 0.3-4 m high.

Soil/habitat: White sand, red clay, brown and white gravel, limestone.

Cultural use: Flowers are edible. Tea can be made from the crushed seeds. Seeds best collected when the seed pods are young.